The 160 Texas counties impacted by the 2015 and 2016 floods represent 76 percent of the Texas population or 20.9 million people - a total population greater than that of 48 states.
As a result of these floods, HUD has allocated $434.3 million in CDBG-DR funds to the state of Texas. Of that, the GLO-CDR will administer $313.5 million across 129 counties. GLO-CDR estimates a combined loss of over $2 billion in unmet long-term recovery needs when considering the impact of the multiple disasters suffered by Texas.
2016 FLOODING EVENTS
2016 Disaster - The 2016 flooding spanning from March to June resulted in three qualifying events for federal disaster recovery funds. The events caused severe damage across half the State, roughly 134,000 square miles - almost double the size of Louisiana and West Virginia combined. The flooding events were a devastating blow to many Texas communities still trying to recover from the impact of flooding from 2015. The continuous rainfall on saturated ground created excessive downstream flooding and record-breaking crests destroying agricultural areas and homes. A major business disruption occurred due to the closure of Interstate 10 along the Texas-Louisiana border, creating lengthy delays and the loss of a major transportation corridor. Thousands of Texans were forced to evacuate their homes and entire cities required mandatory evacuations.
Overall, the devastation of the storms led HUD to issue a “most impacted” designation for the counties of Brazoria, Fort Bend, Harris, Montgomery, and Newton.
2016 Disaster Timeline
- March 7 to 29, 2016 - 1st disaster event
- March 19, 2016 - DR-4266 declaration
- April 17 to 30, 2016 - 2nd disaster event
- April 25, 2016 - DR-4269 declaration
- May 22-June 24, 2016 - 3rd disaster event
- June 11, 2016 - DR-4272 declaration
- September 29, 2016 - $45.2 million in CDBG-DR funds appropriated under Continuing Resolution
- December 10, 2016 - $177 million in CDBG-DR funds appropriated under Fiscal Year 2017 Further Continuing Resolution into law
- November 28, 2016 - Federal Register Notice published providing requirements for state action plan
- March 10, 2017 - GLO-CDR posts 2016 State Action Plan to website for 14-day public comment period
- April 3, 2017 - GLO-CDR submitted plan to HUD for approval
- May 5, 2017 - $6.8 million in addition CDBG-DR funds appropriated under the Consolidated Appropriation Act of 2017
- June 2, 2017 - HUD approved State Action Plan
- August 7, 2017 - $9.8 million in additional CDBG-DR funds appropriated under Fiscal Year 2016 and 2017 CDBG-DR Appropriations
- GLO-CDR to receive HUD approval for scoring criteria for housing and infrastructure projects
- Upon approval, GLO-CDR will request housing and infrastructure applications from eligible applicants
- All grant funding to be expended within 5 years of HUD action plan approval
2015 FLOODING EVENTS
In 2015 Texas had two separate events that qualified for disaster recovery funding. Both events resulted from heavy rains and winds that caused severe damage across nearly half the State or 134,000 square miles. The May events occurred May 4 to June 23, 2015. During the first part of May, many locations across the State received well above normal rainfall, creating saturated ground conditions. When the Memorial Day weekend arrived, the saturated soil forced rain runoff directly into rivers, streams, and flash-flood prone areas. Certain areas of Texas saw more than 20 inches of rainfall in a matter of days. In total, about 8 million acre feet of water flowed into the State’s reservoirs.
Central and eastern Texas were also hit by dangerous flooding October 22 to October 31 when rainfall patterns converged with remnants of Hurricane Patricia.
In total, 116 counties were impacted by these disasters, with 19 counties being designated as impacted by both disaster declarations.
2015 Disaster Timeline
- May 4-June 23, 2015 (Memorial Day Floods) - 1st disaster event
- May 29, 2015 - DR-4223 declaration
- October 22- October 31, 2015 - 2nd disaster event
- November 25, 2015 - DR-4245 declaration
- December 18, 2015 - $142.3 million in CDBG-DR funds allocated under the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016 (P.L. 114-113)
- City of Houston direct allocation of $66.5 million
- City of San Marcos direct allocation of $25 million
- State of Texas allocation of $50.6 million
- June 17, 2016 Federal Register Notice published, providing requirements for state action plan
- September 20, 2016 - GLO submits state action plan to HUD for approval
- November 10, 2016 - GLO submits revised version of state action plan to HUD
- February 13, 2017 - GLO-CDR receives HUD approval for state action plan
- February 21, 2017 - GLO-CDR proposed Amendment 1 to the action plan providing detailed guidelines for a competition to distribute $25.6 million to eligible 112 counties not designated as Most Impacted (Harris, Hays, Hidalgo, Travis)
- March 3, 2017 - Non-housing application sent to Most Impacted counties
- March 13, 2017 - 14-day public comment period for Amendment 1 ends
- March 16, 2017 - Amendment 1 submitted to HUD for approval
- May 5, 2017 - $15.6 million in addition CDBG-DR funds allocated under the Consolidated Appropriation Act of 2017
- City of Houston direct allocation of $20.5 million
- City of San Marcos direct allocation of $7.7 million
- August 7, 2017 - $8.2 million in additional CDBG-DR funds appropriated under Fiscal Year 2016 and 2017 CDBG-DR Appropriations
- July 13, 2017 – GLO begins to accept project applications from eligible entities for $25.6 million in available disaster funds
- November 30, 2017 – Deadline for eligible entities to submit project applications
- GLO will review project applications to award $35.8 million in disaster funds to eligible entities
- All grant funding to be expended within 6 years of HUD action plan approval (February 2022)
Along with natural disasters, CDBG-DR funds may be used to help a community recover from all types of disasters and emergencies. FEMA has created a disaster response guide, the National Disaster Recovery Framework, defining the following significant risk events:
- Natural hazards, including hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, droughts, wildfires, winter storms, and floods, present a significant and varied risk across the country;
- Human and animal infectious diseases, including those undiscovered;
- Technological and accidental hazards, such as transportation system failures, dam failures, chemical spills or releases;
- Terrorist attacks, including those by “lone actors” employing physical threats such as explosives and armed attacks; and
- Malicious cyber activity leading to other hazards, such as power grid failures or financial system failures.