|Coastal Erosion Map
Coastal erosion is the loss of shoreline, beach and/or dune sediments and is caused by the lack of sediment delivered to the coast to balance the impacts from man-made actions such as damming rivers, land subsidence from groundwater withdrawal, construction of walls and jetties, diversion of rivers and streams, fast moving motor craft and ship wakes and many other factors to natural processes such as wave action from storms, tidal surges, wind, and loss of wetlands.
The average erosion rate for the 367 miles of Texas coast is 2.3 feet per year. Sixty four percent of the Texas coast is eroding at an average rate of about 6 feet per year with some locations losing more than 30 feet per year. FEMA estimates that every one dollar spent on erosion control and mitigation to preserve wetlands and other natural ecosystems saves an average of four dollars in the future. (source Same as above)
When the Texas Coast Erodes
- Property values decrease and homes and businesses are lost
- Tourism suffers and local economies feel the impact
- Farming and fishing industries are impacted
- Ports and roads and industrial infrastructure are at risk
- Without healthy beaches, dunes and wetlands to protect the coast, there is day to day wear and the impact of major storms like Hurricane Ike is far more severe.
As steward of the Texas coast, the Texas General Land Office is leading the fight against coastal erosion by:
- Implementing coastal erosion response projects and related studies through the Coastal Erosion Planning and Response Act (CEPRA) program and other grant programs at the Land Office.
- Maximizing federal, state and local resources, the Land Office works with all coastal stakeholders to fight erosion where it makes economic sense to do so.