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Laurel Greenbriar


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Smilax laurifolia


Image Credit: Hugh Wilson. Texas A&M University Vascular Plant Image Library


Liliales

Smilacaceae

Smilax

laurifolia


(Length – 20 ft); evergreen vine that uses paired tendrils to form impenetrable thickets; has large, rigid spines; pale green leaves held upright on the stem; produces white flowers and black fruit

Woody, red tubers used as food by Native Americans and settlers

Acidic swamps and marshlands

Found on coastal wetlands in East Texas and the northern Texas Gulf Coast

From East Texas to Florida, and north to New Jersey